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ABC News(WASHINGTON) -- A government shutdown is entering a third day - into the start of the work week Monday - after a bipartisan group of about 20 senators struggled Sunday to broker a government funding compromise.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell urged a vote to help end the stalemate.

"Let’s step back from the brink. Let’s stop victimizing the American people and get back to work on their behalf," McConnell said on the Senate floor Sunday night.

Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer responded that lawmakers have yet to reach an agreement on a path forward.

"I am happy to continue my discussion with the Majority Leader about reopening the government. We've had several conversations, talks will continue, but we have yet to reach an agreement on a path forward that would be acceptable for both sides," Schumer said after McConnell spoke.

A vote on ending debate and proceeding to the underlying funding bill--originally scheduled for 1 a.m. Monday is now slated to take place at noon.

The House will return at noon on Monday as well as it awaits action in the Senate.

Earlier Sunday, a bipartisan group of Senators presented their ideas to McConnell and Schumer and the two leaders then met behind closed doors to discuss.

One senator in the bipartisan working group, Republican Senator Lindsey Graham of South Carolina, had said he was hopeful a solution could be reached Sunday night.

"If it doesn't happen tonight, it's going to get a lot harder tomorrow," Graham told reporters.

Graham said he planned to vote yes on a McConnell proposal to extend funding three weeks until Feb. 8 instead of the four-week funding to Feb. 16 as called for in the stopgap funding bill passed by the House.

Later, on the Senate floor, McConnell proposed that if no immigration agreement is reached by Feb. 8 it would be his "intention" to take up "legislation that would address DACA" - referring to a legislative fix for the Delayed Action on Childhood Arrivals program.

That promise apparently was not good enough for Democrats who want protection for some 800,000 undocumented immigrants brought to the U.S. illegally as children.

After McConnell also pledged to not "prejudice one bill over another," Republican Senator Jeff Flake of Arizona announced he would vote for the government funding bill he opposed on Friday night.

Graham said he, too, would vote yes if McConnell promised to bring up a bill Democrats want to protect the so-called Dreamers.

Asked about the criticism from Schumer and other Democrats that they can't trust the president to make a deal, Graham said, "Well, he's still the president, and a lot of people on our side don't trust Chuck. I'm not asking people to trust anybody, I'm asking people to grow up and realize we are in charge of the House and Senate and that we have an obligation to work across the aisle."

The legislative impasse could affect thousands of federal workers and the citizens they serve as staffing at most agencies would have to operate at small fraction of normal levels. Office of Management and Budget Director Mick Mulvaney sent a memo to the heads of federal agencies and executive departments on Saturday urging them to prepare.

The last government shutdown in 2013 cost U.S. taxpayers $24 billion, or $1.5 billion a day, according to a Standards & Poor’s estimate.

Stalemate on immigration

As the Senate got underway Sunday, finger-pointing on both sides of the aisle continued on the Senate floor as McConnell and Schumer blamed each other for the impasse.

McConnell said Schumer has made the "extraordinary and destructive choice" to filibuster instead of compromise to end the government shutdown.

He said President Trump was poised to sign a bipartisan bill hammered out to extend government funding for three weeks — until he met with Schumer over lunch on Friday and the Democratic leader demanded that the bill include provisions to protect recipients of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals — currently protected under the policy begun under President Obama.

"Now it's the second day of the Senate Democrat shutdown filibuster and the Senate Democrats' shutdown of the federal government because the president wouldn't resolve months of ongoing negotiations over massive issues in one brief meeting and give the Democratic leader everything he wants," McConnell said in a speech on the Senate floor just after 1 p.m. "My friend across the aisle has shut down the government for hundreds of millions of Americans."

He said Schumer and the Democrats were needlessly displaying "pure political folly." He said bipartisan negotiations over DACA have been underway for months, "but they can go nowhere until the Senate Democrats realize the extreme path their leader has charted leads them nowhere."

Soon after McConnell yielded the floor, Schumer placed blame for the stalemate on Trump and Republicans.

“The way out of this is simple — our parties are very close on all of the issues we have been debating for months now, so close I believed we might have a deal twice, only for the president to change his mind and walk away," Schumer said. "The president must take yes for an answer. Until he does, it's the Trump shutdown."

Schumer said during his meeting with Trump on Friday he offered to compromise by tentatively agreeing to fund a wall on the Mexican border in exchange for DACA protections.

“The president picked a number for a wall, I accepted it. It wasn't my number. It wasn't the number in the bills here. He picked it," he said. "Now, it would be hard to imagine such a more reasonable compromise. All along, the president is saying, well, I will do DACA and Dreamers in return for the wall. He's got it. Can't take yes for an answer.

"We are a government that can only operate if the majority party, the governing party, accepts and seeks compromise," Schumer added. "The majority, however, has forgotten the lesson of the Founding Fathers. They have shown that they do not know how to compromise. Not only do they not consult with us, they can't even get on the same page with their president, a president from their own party. The congressional leaders tell me to negotiate with President Trump. President Trump tells me to figure it out with the congressional leaders. This political catch-22, never seen before, has driven our government to dysfunction."

He said the reason for the dysfunction is a "dysfunctional president."

"Hence, we are in a Trump shutdown and party leaders who won't act without him," Schumer said. "It has created the chaos and the gridlock we find ourselves in today. It all really stems from the president, whose inability to clinch a deal has created the Trump shutdown."

Trump stayed out of the public eye Sunday.

Instead, he was working the phones - at least calling Republicans - according to the White House. Deputy White House Press Secretary Hogan Gidley said on FOX News that the president might speak to the American public on Monday. He said Trump had spoken on the phone Sunday with House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy, Sen. John Cornyn, and Secretary of Veteran Affairs David Shulkin and Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen.

Republicans have maintained that DACA and immigration reform must be handled separately from government funding, and say they are unwilling to negotiate until the government is reopened.

Threats to use the "nuclear option"

In a Sunday morning tweet, Trump accused Democrats of wanting illegal immigrants to "pour into our nation unchecked" and suggested Republicans should use the "nuclear option" - changing longtime Senate rules to allow a simple majority vote of 51 (rather than 60) — to vote on a long-term budget if the shutdown continues.

Republican leaders in the Senate appear to have little appetite for following through on Trump’s call to end the filibuster by imposing the nuclear option. A spokesman for McConnell said, “The Republican Conference opposes changing the rules on legislation.”

Democrats raised alarm bells Sunday about Trump’s threat to use the so-called “nuclear option.” On ABC’s “This Week,” Sen. Dick Durbin, the Democratic Whip, said ending the filibuster “would be the end of the Senate as it was originally devised and created going back to our Founding Fathers.”

“We have to acknowledge our respect for the minority, and that is what the Senate tries to do in its composition and in its procedure,” Durbin said.

There are currently 51 Republicans and 49 Democrats (including two independents who tend to caucus with Democrats).

The cloture vote would need 60 votes in the Senate to pass — meaning it would need some Democratic support unless the "nuclear option" is used.

Mulvaney weighed in on the nuclear option on CNN's "State of the Union" Sunday, describing the nuclear option as one option to break the stalemate.

"We've been critical of that 60-vote rule since the president took office. And I think what the president did this mooring is tried to shed some light on the fact that if ordinary rules prevailed, the majority ruled in the senate, the government would be open as of today," Mulvaney said.

House Speaker Paul Ryan on CBS' "Face the Nation" on Sunday said the House stands ready to pass the three-week extension if the Senate is able to pass the measure.

"We have agreed that we would accept that in the House, and so we will see some time today whether or not they have the votes for that," he said. "And that's really where we are right now."

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Alex Wong/Getty(WASHINGTON) -- Federal lawmakers are now in a shutdown standoff: Democrats are refusing to support a bill funding the government unless they have a deal on immigration. Republicans are refusing to negotiate on immigration until Democrats support a bill to fund the government.

But amid the noise and recriminations, President Donald Trump and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer are tantalizingly close to a surprising immigration deal that would protect the "Dreamers," approximately 800,000 young immigrants who were brought illegally to the U.S. as children.

Sources inside the White House tell ABC News that the president has expressed a willingness to support legal status for "Dreamers" in exchange for full funding of his border wall at a cost of about $20 billion over seven years.

Trump has expressed a willingness to do this, sources tell ABC News, even if he gets nothing on the two other big Republican immigration priorities: ending the visa lottery system and restricting so-called chain migration.

Democratic sources tell ABC News that Schumer told Trump he is open to exactly such a deal: Funding the wall in exchange for a deal on the 'Dreamers.'

Sources said Schumer didn't reject the $20 billion figure for the wall either. Congress generally funds the government one year at a time, but under the deal that was discussed, a fund would be set up to make money available for the border wall’s construction over the next several years.

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ABC News(WASHINGTON) -- A Democratic congressman said President Donald Trump’s key campaign promise of building a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border would be a “monumental waste of taxpayers’ money,” but Democrats should go along with it if necessary to win Republican agreement for granting legal immigration status to "Dreamers."

“I think the wall is a monumental waste of taxpayer money, and it’s to build a monument to stupidity and it’s just idiotic,” Rep. Luis Gutierrez, D-Ill., told ABC News Chief Anchor George Stephanopoulos on This Week Sunday.

“Having said that, if that’s what it’s going to take in order to put 800,000 young men and women in the country -- 'Dreamers' -- in a safe place and put them on course to full integration in our society, I say pay it,” Gutierrez said.

Gutierrez, who is a member of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus, likened the president’s demands for a border wall to holding the 'Dreamers' hostage. And, he predicted that Republicans would suffer in the midterm elections as a result.

“Next November, we’ll deal with the ‘kidnappers’ at the election and at the polls,” Gutierrez said.

Stephanopoulos noted that White House Legislative Affairs Director Marc Short said in his appearance on This Week Sunday that funding the border wall would not be enough and that there also need to be changes in two practices that enable legal immigration: the visa lottery system and chain immigration.

When asked whether he’d be willing to accept those changes, Gutierrez accused the administration of moving the goal post because its true objective is to end legal immigration.

"Here's what they're saying to us, George, and we have to be very clear about it, and we are going to fight this: They want to end legal immigration to the United States," the congressman said. "They say, 'Let's build a wall to keep us safe.' But then they say, ‘The lottery system, let's end it.' That's legal immigration to the United States."

“They want to end legal immigration and you know what, George,” Gutierrez said. “We have to fight that because it's the essence of who we are as a nation. It’s core to what it is to be American to have an immigration policy. We would not be a nation without immigrants and an immigration policy, and we have to push back.”

Gutierrez also addressed a statement he put out last week recounting that White House Chief of Staff John Kelly told Democratic lawmakers in a meeting Wednesday on Capitol Hill that “the president’s campaign was not fully informed about the wall he was promising to voters.”

The Illinois congressman reiterated to Stephanopoulos his account of what Kelly said: “I was sitting right next to him, next to Mr. Kelly, and here's what he said. He said the president of the United States, when he was campaigning, made promises that were not fully informed. I wrote it down. I wrote it down. It was so astonishing to me that I immediately wrote it down. He said was not fully informed.”

Gutierrez added, “[Kelly] said, 'I've educated the president, and the president has evolved on the issue.' And when I asked General Kelly. 'What's a wall?' he said it could be the inhospitable terrain [on the U.S.-Mexico border]. It could be Border Patrol agents. It could be drones."

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Aaron P. Bernstein/Getty Images(WASHINGTON) -- An explosive new ad by the Trump campaign implying that Democrats would be "complicit" in any murder committed by undocumented immigrants "doesn't work," a leading Democratic senator said.

"The American people are not going to accept the premise that immigrants are criminals and that we ought to deport the 'Dreamers,'" Democratic Sen. Dick Durbin of Illinois told ABC News Chief Anchor George Stephanopoulos on This Week Sunday. "It doesn't work."

Immigration issues have been core to the debate in Washington, D.C., as Democrats and Republicans seek to reach an agreement to end the government shutdown. Key topics include President Donald Trump's proposed border wall and protections for so-called "Dreamers," the approximately 800,000 young immigrants who came illegally to the U.S. as children.

"What it comes down to, is we need a reasonable approach [to immigration] that is mindful of our national security -- No. 1 -- but embraces a basic value in America," Durbin said. "We are a diverse nation, a nation of immigrants, and we're proud of it."

Stephanopoulos asked about the deal that Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer reportedly offered to the president Friday: full funding of the border wall in exchange for protecting "Dreamers" from deportation and making no changes in some other programs that enable legal immigration into the country.

"It is true that Chuck Schumer made what I considered to be a bold and important concession, and said, 'Yes, we'll go forward with the wall as long as we do this in a responsible fashion,'" Durbin responded.

Stephanopoulos asked if it was correct that the border wall would cost $20 billion.

"I'm not going to quote numbers because I don't think that's my place, but I can tell you it was a substantial commitment to the president. The president embraced it. And Chuck came back to the Hill."

But, Durbin added, "Two hours later, a call from the White House says, 'The deal is off. We're not going to stand by this at all.'"

The senator added, "How can you negotiate with the president under those circumstances where he agrees face-to-face to move forward with a certain path and then within two hours calls back and pulls the plug?"

Asked if Congress will reach a deal in time for the government to reopen Monday, the Illinois Democrat said, "There are bipartisan conversations going on right now."

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Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images(WASHINGTON) -- The White House's legislative affairs director said Republicans have been "showing flexibility" in their attempts to strike a deal with Democrats on immigration issues in order to reopen the government.

“I think you've seen us move. I think you've seen us move throughout the negotiation on immigration,” White House Legislative Affairs Director Marc Short told ABC News Chief Anchor George Stephanopoulos in an interview on This Week Sunday.

“We have been yielding; we have been showing flexibility to say, ‘Let's find a deal to make sure that, again, our troops and our Border Patrol agents are not denied payment,' but the Democrats seem unwilling to even accept that offer, George,” Short said.

Stephanopoulos asked if Republicans and Democrats are close to coming to an agreement to resume funding the government. Short said, "I think we are making progress."

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Justin Merriman/Getty Images(WASHINGTON) -- President Donald Trump's son Eric doesn't believe the government shutdown is all that bad.

In fact, he views it in a positive light because he believes it paints the "absolutely terrified" Democrats in a negative light.

"Honestly, I think it's a good thing for us, because people see through it," Eric Trump told Jeanine Pirro on Fox News's "Justice with Judge Jeanine" Saturday night. "I mean, people have seen a year that's incredible. It's been filled with nothing but the best for our country, 'America First' policies, and they're happy with where we are as a nation ... It has the Democrats worried."

Trump, 34, told Pirro that the Democrats are supportive of the shutdown because it takes the focus off of his father's achievements.

"The only reason they want to shutdown government is to distract and to stop his momentum," the president's third child said. "I mean, my father has had incredible momentum. He has gotten more done in one year than arguably any president in history."

He continued, "And so how do they divert from that message? How do they save their own party when they don't have any leadership, they don't have any good candidates out there, they don't have a message of their own? How do they do that? They obstruct, they distract, they try and place blame."

While Republicans are blaming Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., for the shutdown, employing on social media the hashtag #SchumerShutdown, Democrats are opting for the hashtag #TrumpShutdown.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The government shutdown and the results of President Donald Trump's physical exam, released Friday by his physician Ronny Jackson, provided fodder for this week's "Saturday Night Live."

The cold open features "SNL" cast member Aidy Bryant as White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders kicking off a daily press briefing.

"Thank you for all for being here," Bryant's Sanders says to the reporters. "First off, I would like to wish everybody a Happy Women's March. A million women strong out there to celebrate the president's kick a-- year in office. We did it, girls!" Women's Marches were held in cities across the globe Saturday, including Washington, D.C., New York and Los Angeles.

In a nod to the government shutdown, Bryant's Sanders tells the reporters, "If you want to blame somebody for the shutdown, blame Senator Chuck Schumer, hashtag 'Schumer shutdown.' Please let's get it trending, guys."

"SNL" cast member Beck Bennett, who plays Dr. Jackson, then addresses the reporters. "Once again, this is the president’s unbiased, 100 percent accurate health assessment."

Bennett's Jackson says, "It's my expert medical opinion, that the president's gotta rockin' bod."

A reporter, played by "SNL" cast member Kate McKinnon asks, "There's been questions about the president's mental fitness, and the White House has of course pushed back on that. Since you examined him personally, my question is, how broke that brain?"

Bennett's Jackson responds, "We did do a cognitive exam at the president's request and he passed it with flying colors. Almost no hits."

Another reporter, played by "SNL" cast member Mikey Day, asks, "The president has bragged about scoring higher on that test than any other president, is that true?"

Bennett's Jackson responds, "In fairness, no other president has taken the test. We typically only use it to make sure someone is not severely brain damaged or a monkey in people clothes. But the president grabbed me by the collar and insisted taking it. He has the grip of a guy who would fail that test, if you know what I mean."

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Mark Wilson/Getty Images(WASHINGTON) -- A year in the presidential spotlight hasn’t been kind to President Donald Trump: His approval rating is the lowest in modern polling for a president at this point, with deep deficits on policy and personal matters alike. Strikingly, the public divides evenly on whether or not he’s mentally stable.

That question aside, a lopsided majority, 73 percent of those polled, rejects Trump’s self-assessed genius. Seventy percent say he fails to acquit himself in a way that’s fitting and proper for a president. Two-thirds say he’s harming his presidency with his use of Twitter. And 52 percent see him as biased against blacks -- soaring to 79 percent of blacks themselves.

ABC News/Washington Post poll

See PDF for full results, charts and tables.

Just 36 percent of Americans approve of Trump’s job performance, while 58 percent disapprove, essentially unchanged since midsummer. Next lowest at one year was Gerald Ford’s 45 percent in 1975; average pre-Trump approval -- since Harry Truman’s presidency -- is 63 percent.

Women are especially critical of Trump in this poll, produced for ABC News by Langer Research Associates: A mere 29 percent approve of his work, vs. 44 percent of men. And a remarkable 55 percent of women doubt Trump’s mental stability.

Trump’s signature achievement, the new tax law, is unpopular; 60 percent say it favors the wealthy (even most well-off Americans say so), and the public by a 12-point margin, 46 to 34 percent, says it’s a bad thing for the country. At the same time, a majority celebrates his most prominent failure, on Obamacare; 57 percent say the program’s continuation is a good thing.

ABC News/Washington Post Poll

A vast 87 percent support the DACA immigration program that Trump ended and whose fate in Congress is uncertain -- including two-thirds of strong conservatives, three-quarters of evangelical white Protestants and as many Republicans, core Trump groups. And 63 percent overall oppose a U.S.-Mexico border wall, essentially unchanged since before the 2016 election.

As reported Friday, Trump -- and his party leaders -- also are at greater risk in the government shutdown, with Americans 20 points more likely to say they’d blame Trump and the Republicans in Congress than the Democrats in Congress.

More issues

In a controversy that continues to cloud his presidency, half of Americans think members of Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign colluded with Russia to try to influence the election. About as many, 49 percent, think Trump himself obstructed justice in the Russia investigation.

That said, far fewer, 26 percent, think there’s been “solid evidence” of obstruction; the rest call it their suspicion only. And approval of special counsel Robert Mueller’s handling of the investigation has ebbed, from 58 to 50 percent in 11 weeks.

Trump’s ratings might be yet worse were it not for sharply improved economic sentiment. Fifty-eight percent say the economy is in good (or even excellent) shape, the most in 17 years. But just 38 percent say the Trump administration deserves credit; many more, 50 percent, credit the Obama administration. It’s axiomatic that a successful economy doesn’t guarantee presidential popularity, it merely makes it possible -- and Trump’s other challenges tie his shoelaces.

ABC News/Washington PostThere’s criticism for the Democrats, as well, in their response to Trump’s unpopularity, but it’s eased to some extent. In November, 61 percent of Americans said the Democratic Party’s leaders were criticizing Trump without presenting alternatives; that’s down to 53 percent. However, just 31 percent say the Democrats are offering alternatives, essentially unchanged from 28 percent last fall. Instead, more now are simply unsure.

It’s true, too, that some Trump initiatives, while not popular, are not broadly opposed. Three divide the country about evenly: the federal crackdown on undocumented immigrants (46 percent say it’s a good thing for the country, 47 percent a bad thing); reduced business regulations (44-42 percent); and a reduction in the federal workforce (44-43 percent).

Among other results, 60 percent say Trump’s accomplished not much or nothing in his first year; Bill Clinton did as badly on that score, but still ended 1993 with an approval rating that’s 22 points higher than Trump’s today. Most, in another result, say Trump’s policies haven’t affected their own families, but more say they’ve been hurt (26 percent) than helped (20 percent).


Trump’s gone from 11 points underwater in job approval last spring to 22 points today, a shift that occurred by July and has stabilized since. That’s a vast swing from his 12 predecessors, who averaged 29 points to the positive after a year in the White House.

Four previous presidents -- Barack Obama, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan and Truman – were at 51 to 53 percent approval after one year; Bill Clinton saw 56 percent and the rest ranged from 63 percent (Richard Nixon) to 83 percent (George W. Bush, after 9/11). Ratings at one year don’t predict a career trajectory. That said, a score in the 30s, this early in a presidency, is uncharted territory.

Indeed just six of the past 12 presidents ever went as low or lower in approval as Trump is now -- Truman, Lyndon B. Johnson, Nixon, Carter and both Bushes -- and all but Truman, much later in their presidencies.

ABC News/Washington Post Trump’s “strong” disapprovers, moreover, outnumber his strong approvers by a 2-1 margin. Obama got there as well, but it took him more than two-and-a-half years in office, and a deeply struggling economy.

Compared with the first ABC News/Washington Post poll of his presidency, in April, Trump is less popular generally across the board, but especially among college graduates (-11 points, to 31 percent approval), residents of the Northeast and West regions (-9 and -8 points, respectively) and whites -8 points, vs. no change among nonwhites, who started so low).

Partisan gaps

There are impressive differences among groups above and beyond the wide gender gap in Trump’s approval. He’s at new lows, 6 and 7 percent approval, respectively, among Democrats and liberals, compared with 80 percent of strong conservatives, 78 percent of Republicans and 68 percent of evangelical white Protestants. (He slips to 59 percent approval among “somewhat” conservatives.)

Such gaps have become a fixture of the sharply divided political firmament. Obama, for example, saw a low of 7 percent approval for Republicans, at the same time (March 2015) that he was at 79 percent among Democrats.

Partisan predispositions influence more than job approval. Consider:

-- Seventy-nine percent of Democrats think Trump obstructed the Russia investigation, and 51 percent of independents agree – diving to just 13 percent of Republicans.

-- Seventy-five percent of Democrats think Trump is not mentally stable. Forty-six percent of independents share that view. Just 14 percent of Republicans agree. (Party and ideology aside, Trump is most likely to be seen as stable by white evangelicals, 79 percent, and non-college-educated white men, 69 percent; and most likely to be seen as not stable by nonwhites, including two-thirds of blacks and Hispanics alike.)

-- Fifty percent of Republicans say Trump’s a genius. That plummets in other groups -- 17 percent of independents, 6 percent of Democrats. There’s also a notable division within conservative ranks on the question. Among people who are strongly conservative, 52 percent call Trump a genius, while among “somewhat” conservatives, this drops to just 29 percent.


There are notable differences among groups on substantive issues as well. Fifty-eight percent of whites call the federal crackdown on undocumented immigrants a good thing for the country; just 26 percent of nonwhites -- including 18 percent of Hispanics -- agree. Or, looking at two key voting groups in 2016, 74 percent of non-college-educated white men say it’s a good thing, compared with 39 percent of college-educated white women.

Then there’s the tax bill. Among Americans on the lower half of the income scale, 26 percent call it a good thing for the country, compared with 41 percent of those with middle incomes or more. Even in those middle and higher ranges, though, there’s only a division on whether the bill is a good thing or bad thing -- 41-43 percent in the $50,000 to $100,000 bracket, and about the same, 40-43 percent, in the $100,000-plus range (about two in 10 adults).

One last finding cuts to a telling example of general agreement, rather than disagreement, and again not to Trump’s advantage. Among lower-income Americans, 64 percent say the tax bill favors the wealthy. And among the comparatively wealthy themselves, those with $100,000-plus incomes, 56 percent say the same thing.


This ABC News/Washington Post poll was conducted by landline and cellular telephone Jan. 15-18, 2018, in English and Spanish, among a random national sample of 1,005 adults. Results have a margin of sampling error of 3.5 points, including the design effect. Partisan divisions are 31-23-40 percent, Democrats-Republicans-independents.

The survey was produced for ABC News by Langer Research Associates of New York, N.Y., with sampling, data collection and tabulation by Abt Associates of Cambridge, Massachusetts. See details on the survey’s methodology here.

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ABC News(WASHINGTON) -- The federal government officially shut down Saturday on the one-year anniversary of Donald Trump's inauguration as president.

Congress is to reconvene to try again to broker an agreement to fund the government. But as soon as it became clear Friday night that no deal would be reached before midnight, finger-pointing began.

Vice President Mike Pence told reporters early Saturday that the blame lay with Democrats.

"It's disappointing to every American that Democrats would shut down the national government," Pence said from aboard Air Force Two as he was about to take off for a trip to Cairo. "I think what we have to do in this moment is demand ... [that lawmakers] do their job."

The White House also pointed at Democrats.

"Senate Democrats own the 'Schumer Shutdown'," press secretary Sarah Sanders said in a statement early Saturday morning. "This is the behavior of obstructionist losers, not legislators. When Democrats start paying our armed forces and first responders we will reopen negotiations on immigration reform."

And on Saturday at 6:17 a.m., the president posted his first tweet since the shutdown, writing, "Democrats are far more concerned with Illegal Immigrants than they are with our great Military or Safety at our dangerous Southern Border. They could have easily made a deal but decided to play Shutdown politics instead. #WeNeedMoreRepublicansIn18 in order to power through mess!"

A subsequent tweet read, "This is the One Year Anniversary of my Presidency and the Democrats wanted to give me a nice present. #DemocratShutdown."

Schumer meanwhile noted that Republicans hold the reins in both houses of Congress and the White House.

"Every American knows the Republican Party controls the White House, the Senate, the House. It's their job to keep the government open," the Democratic senator said. "There is no one—no one—who deserves the blame for the position we find ourselves in more than President Trump."

Schumer also repeatedly called the shutdown the "Trump shutdown". The term began trending on social media.

The Senate minority leader said he believed he was close to striking a deal when he met with Trump earlier on Friday after "reluctantly" agreeing to fund a border wall in exchange for protections for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program recipients.

“President Trump, if you are listening, I am urging you: please take yes for an answer," Schumer said.

"It's almost as if you were rooting for a shutdown," he said. "Republican leadership can't get to yes because President Trump refuses to."

House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi also said Trump deserved much of the blame.

"President Trump earned an 'F' for failure in leadership," she said in a statement. "I am proud of House and Senate Democrats’ unity in insisting on a budget that supports our military and the domestic investments that keep our nation strong, and that honors our values by protecting the DREAMers."

In a surprise move, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said he will put up for a vote a short-term funding measure to keep the government running through Feb. 8, a compromise path that Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-South Carolina, had been pushing earlier in the evening.

Late-night negotiations

It was a night of frantic behind-closed-doors negotiations as lawmakers held out hope for a bipartisan solution.

Late into the night, senators were still discussing a shorter plan to fund the government as the deadline drew ever closer -- at one point, Schumer walked off the floor with McConnell, chatting on the sidelines -- but no clear plan emerged.

As the clock approached midnight, Graham huddled with GOP leaders before joining Sen. Jeff Flake, R-Ariz., in a discussion with Schumer and other Senate Democrats.

Senators continued to gather in tight groups on the Senate floor as Republican leaders held the vote open past midnight, locked in discussion as government funding lapsed.

The vote was finally closed at 12:16 a.m., with the continuing resolution failing to advance.

Earlier in the evening, Sen. Graham floated the possibility of a three-week extension through Feb. 8. He was spotted shuffling between McConnell and Schumer's offices acting as a go-between.

The procedural vote that was held open could have happened hours earlier, but McConnell opted to force this late-night vote, upping the pressure on Democrats.

Democrats stood firm, opposing the bill over their demands that it include protections for Dreamers, who are poised to lose their legal protections come March 5.

Five Democrats have voted with Republicans to fund the government -- four of them facing tough re-election battles in the coming months in states Trump handily won in the 2016 election. Those lawmakers include Sens. Claire McCaskill of Missouri, Joe Donnelly of Indiana, Joe Manchin of West Virginia and "Heidi" Heitkamp of North Dakota. Newly elected Alabama Sen. Doug Jones also voted with that group; he is up for re-election in 2020.

Four Republicans have voted down the measure, either because of their DACA concerns or military funding. Those senators include Graham of South Carolina, Flake of Arizona, Rand Paul of Kentucky and Mike Lee of Utah.

Despite the apparent lack of a deal to avoid a shutdown, the mood was slightly more optimistic on both ends of Pennsylvania Avenue earlier on Friday evening, with negotiators hopeful that a deal would come together -- if not by midnight -- then sometime this weekend before nearly a million federal workers head back to work on Monday.

Lawmakers working toward a fix

Missing Friday's midnight deadline triggered a technical shutdown, but not one with significant immediate impact since most federal offices are closed over the weekend.

"I think there's a deal in the next 24 hours," Mick Mulvaney, director of the Office of Management and Budget director, said on CNN earlier Friday evening.

"There's a really good chance it gets fixed" before government offices open on Monday, he later told reporters in an impromptu, off-camera gaggle at the White House.

President Trump, who canceled a planned trip to Florida on Friday, engaged with lawmakers by phone and Twitter.

When asked if Trump might go to Florida on Saturday, Mulvaney said "he's not leaving until this is finished."

Agencies prepped for a shutdown

Earlier in the day, Mulvaney sent a memo to the heads of federal departments and agencies with guidance to review their contingency plans and be prepared to furlough non-essential employees.

"This guidance reminds agencies of their responsibilities to plan for agency operations under such a contingency. At this time, agencies should be reviewing their plans for operations in the absence of appropriations," Mulvaney said in the memo.

The Office of Management and Budget has been working with agencies for the last week to make sure they prepared to enact their contingency plans if government funding lapsed, administration officials said.

"You're seeing across-the-board efforts by the administration and each of the agencies to minimize the impact of the shutdown on the American people," one White House official said on a conference call with reporters.

Agencies have been encouraged to use "carryover balances" at their disposal to continue operations as normal for as long as possible.

If lawmakers don't show progress toward a resolution soon, some federal employees will begin to receive furlough notices as soon as Saturday, though administration officials could not offer an overall number.

The military's ongoing military operations will not be impacted, though nearly 1.3 million active-duty service members would not be paid until after the shutdown ends.

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Subscribe To This Feed -- The Trump campaign came out with an explosive new campaign ad Saturday night that implies the Democrats could have blood on their hands because of the shutdown -- arguing they will be "complicit in every murder committed by illegal immigrants."

The ad was posted to Donald Trump's campaign website and YouTube page.

It shows footage of Luis Bracamontes, a 37-year-old man being tried on charges of killing two policy deputies in 2014 in a trial in California that began last week, according to the Sacramento Bee. Bracamontes is an illegal immigrant from Mexico who had been deported and returned to the U.S. illegally multiple times.

Bracamontes has confessed to killing the deputies in court, the Bee reports that his lawyers have argued that he is not mentally fit to stand trial. His wife also faces charges in the killings, according to the Bee.

The new Trump campaign ad doesn't specifically mention the shutdown but the accompanying press release says Sen. Chuck Schumer, D-NY, led Democrats to hold "lawful citizens hostage over their demands for amnesty for illegal immigrants." The ad says President Trump is right to push for a border wall and deport illegal immigrants, going on to say that "Democrats who stand in our way will be complicit in every murder committed by illegal immigrants."

Schumer's office called the ad a "shameless attempt" by the president to distract from the shutdown.

"Rather than campaigning, he should do his job and negotiate a deal to open the government address the needs of the American people," Schumer's spokesman Matt House said in a statement.

Immigration has been at the center of the disagreements that led to the government shutdown. Democrats have insisted that any spending resolution include a fix for the DACA program and the president has said that he wants a bill to include funding for his proposed border wall.

Trump has been heavily criticized for his comments about illegal immigrants on the campaign trail, including comments that Mexican immigrants are criminals and rapists.

A 2015 study from the National Academies of Science actually found that immigrants are less likely to commit crimes than native-born citizens and that areas with a large population of immigrants have lower crime rates.

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ABC News(WASHINGTON) -- During the hours leading up to the government shutdown, President Donald Trump invited Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, D-N.Y., to the White House to negotiate the outline of a deal, which both sides believed was in reach. After several more conversations during the day, the deal fell apart and the Senate failed to pass a measure to keep the government funded.

"During the meeting, in exchange for strong [Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals] protections, I reluctantly put the border wall on the table for the discussion," Schumer said from the Senate floor. "Even that was not enough to entice the president to finish the deal."

Below is a timeline of the Trump-Schumer interactions in the hours leading up to the shutdown, according to a Democratic source familiar with their interactions on Friday.

10:45 a.m.: President Trump calls Sen. Schumer

The two men had a good conversation, both agreeing they weren't that far apart on the key issues, and that neither side wanted a shutdown, according to a source.

Schumer told the president that House Speaker Paul Ryan and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell wouldn't make a move without the president.

During the phone call, Trump and Schumer agreed to sit down so that they could hash things out.

Lunchtime: Trump and Schumer meet in the small dining room off of the Oval Office

In a meeting that lasted 90 minutes, Trump and Schumer discussed the overall construct of a possible agreement on both funding the government and providing legal status to the "Dreamers" -- undocumented immigrants brought to the United States as young children.

According to a source, Schumer agreed to increase defense spending to the level in the National Defense Authorization Act numbers, above what the White House had requested. Schumer also agreed to consider the full amount the White House had requested for border security -- above the amount included in the DACA proposal worked out by Sens. Dick Durbin, D-Ill., and Lindsey Graham, R-S.C.

To give time to work out a deal, Schumer suggested Congress pass a short-term spending bill to keep the government open for just a few days. According to a source, the president told Schumer he thought that was a good idea.

Trump said he would talk to the Republicans and they would discuss it further later in the afternoon.

Afternoon: Trump calls Schumer a few hours after their lunchtime sit-down

Trump said he heard that congressional Democrats and the GOP agreed on a three-week temporary spending bill -- but there was no such deal. Schumer told the president this was the first he had heard of such a deal and that Senate Democrats would not agree to it.

Although Trump had said at lunch that a funding extension of a few days was a good idea, he told Schumer he thought there had been a Congressional agreement to extend funding for three weeks. The president told Schumer to work it out with McConnell.

Later in the afternoon: Trump calls Schumer

Trump called Schumer and went over the objections to pieces of the immigration discussion by White House Chief of Staff John Kelly and congressional Republicans.

Schumer and the president agree to keep working.

After his call with Trump, Schumer calls McConnell

McConnell told Schumer he needs to work it out with the president, according to a source.

Kelly later called Schumer and complained that the outline Schumer and Trump had discussed was too liberal. Full funding of the president's border security request would not be enough on its own to strike a deal giving legal status to the "Dreamers."

Fast forward to midnight, and the government shuts down.

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Scott Olson/Getty Images (WASHINGTON) -- One year after exchanging pleasantries with a newly inaugurated President Donald Trump and ascending onto Marine One for the final time, former President Barack Obama has remained a central figure across the United States and global political scene.

As his successor has seemed to systematically target key components of his legacy, Obama has been strategic, according to current and former aides, in choosing when and how to speak out.

He has watched the year's political developments closely from Chicago and his home in Washington, D.C., which sits just miles up the road from the White House. He has made global excursions to mentor young adults, delivered paid and unpaid speeches, and hunkered down to write his post-presidency book, while coordinating the operations of his foundation and presidential library.

The Obama’s have spent much time in Chicago where the foundation is located, spending time nurturing young politicians and teaching the importance of civic engagement.

“He has rolled up his sleeves and really worked hard to make sure [the foundation] reflects his values and his priorities,” former White House senior adviser Valerie Jarrett told ABC News. “Civic engagement -- he thinks it's so incredibly important for young people to recognize their responsibilities as citizens and that that should begin at a young age because it should be a lifelong passion. And so anything he can do to mobilize that effort is important.”

Despite watching his signature achievements unravel, Obama has been described as “upbeat” and “optimistic.” But that positivity doesn’t come without some anxiety.

“Of course it causes anxiety, just like it does for so many people,” Jarrett told ABC News. “He’s never looked at it from the perspective of him -- his legacy -- he’s looked at it from the perspective of the people whose lives he tried to improve. So if he thinks that people will lose health care or that young DACA folks will be at risk and potentially lose their status, sure, that’s extraordinarily and profoundly troubling to him.”

Just two days before the transfer of power was carried out on the steps of the U.S. Capitol, Obama outlined to reporters in his final news conference the actions a Trump administration could take that might spur him to break with the precedent of polite silence that previous presidents typically extended to their successors.

“There’s a difference between that normal functioning of politics and certain issues or certain moments where I think our core values may be at stake,” Obama said.

In a year’s span, Obama spoke out four separate times with vocal objection to a policy being pursued by President Trump and the GOP-led Congress, including twice regarding the Republicans’ failed effort to repeal and replace the Affordable Care Act, President Trump’s announcement of U.S. withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement and the administration’s rescission of legal protections for nearly 800,000 "DREAMers."

But Obama was notably restrained in going after Trump directly regarding several other highly controversial moments in his first year, including the botched rollout of his first travel ban, his response to the white supremacist violence in Charlottesville and his accusation that Obama illegally wiretapped him during the election.

“I think you saw him kind of do that deftly and strategically this past year,” one aide said. “When it comes especially to the president’s political involvement but certainly all of this other stuff, he’s keenly aware that there’s nothing more that President Trump would like than to make Obama his foil.”

Matthew Dallek, a political historian and associate professor at George Washington University’s Graduate School of Political Management, pointed out that Obama wasn’t necessarily alone in breaking with the quiet deference that presidential successors typically extend to the acting president.

In October, former President George W. Bush delivered a rare public speech in New York City in which he didn’t call Trump out by name, but seemed to make multiple references to his effect on American political discourse.

“Bigotry seems emboldened. Our politics seems more vulnerable to conspiracy theories and outright fabrication,” Bush said. “We’ve seen nationalism distorted into nativism.”

Dallek said what Bush said then "may have been harsher than anything he said about Barack Obama during the eight years of his presidency." “I think it’s a bit unusual, but I think the sense is among not just Barack Obama that it is incumbent upon them to speak out against Trump when they think it’s appropriate.”

Notably, Trump and Obama have not spoken since Inauguration Day, a sharp contrast from past presidents who have at times sought counsel from their predecessors.

Given that Trump has worked to reverse many Obama-era policies, a person close to Obama said it wouldn’t have seemed likely that Trump would have relied on his predecessor for any advice beyond their initial hour-and-a-half meeting together in the Oval Office in November 2016.

Obama, however, is ready and willing to provide his counsel should Trump wish to reach out, the person said.

Trump confidant and former House Speaker Newt Gingrich doesn’t anticipate either side mending fences anytime soon.

“Trump can be friendly toward anyone, but I doubt if he thinks much about relating to Obama,” Gingrich told ABC News. “Why would Trump ask advice from someone he thinks is wrong on virtually every issue?”

That's a stark contrast to Vice President Mike Pence, who has been in regular communication with his predecessors. He's met in person many times with Dan Quayle and Dick Cheney, and spoke with Joe Biden by phone multiple times this past year, seeking counsel primarily before foreign trips and meetings with world leaders, according to a person familiar with the communications.

Though it’s unlikely the political animosity between Trump and Obama will dampen with the 2018 midterms fast approaching.

Following his involvement in multiple special elections during 2017, an aide to Obama said he plans to continue assisting Democrats up and down the ticket, akin to his involvement in the New Jersey and Virginia gubernatorial races and his robo-call for Democrat Doug Jones in the Alabama special election.

“I do think it’s definitely fair to say that way you saw him approach 2017 will be similar in the way that he will do it strategically. He will try to stay above the fray,” the aide said, adding that there is a "recognition that you wouldn’t want to have him out there trying to rally the troops on our side, especially when he’s been very clear he can’t be the resistance leader anymore.”

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iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- Lawmakers are back on Capitol Hill Saturday morning after a dramatic showdown led to a federal government shutdown shortly after midnight on the one-year anniversary of President Donald Trump's inauguration.

It is the first time in recent history when government operations shut down while Republicans control both the White House and Congress.

The House and Senate are to reconvene to attempt to broker an agreement to fund the government, with the House expected to hold votes following a round of speeches.

Over the days, hours and even minutes leading up to the shutdown, immigration came into sharp focus as an issue where both parties were deeply divided.

Trump, in early-morning tweets on Saturday, focused on immigration and sought to place the blame for the shutdown squarely on Democrats.

"Democrats are far more concerned with Illegal Immigrants than they are with our great Military or Safety at our dangerous Southern Border. They could have easily made a deal but decided to play Shutdown politics instead. #WeNeedMoreRepublicansIn18 in order to power through mess," Trump tweeted.

A subsequent tweet read, "This is the One Year Anniversary of my Presidency and the Democrats wanted to give me a nice present. #DemocratShutdown."

Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer said he thought negotiators were nearing a deal Friday when he met with Trump. The New York Democrat said he "reluctantly" agreed to fund a border wall in exchange for protections for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program recipients.

“President Trump, if you are listening, I am urging you: Please take 'yes' for an answer," Schumer said on Friday.

Meanwhile, thousands of activists -- many of them galvanized by Trump's election to office a year ago -- are gathering in cities across the nation for the second annual Women's March, which organizers are calling "#PowerToThePolls" this year. The shutdown of federal operations is likely to come up in speeches by lawmakers, celebrities and others in cities such as Washington, D.C.; Los Angeles; New York; and other communities.

Saturday's shutdown also comes exactly a year after President Trump in his inauguration speech said, "We will no longer accept politicians who are all talk and no action, constantly complaining but never doing anything about it. The time for empty talk is over. Now arrives the hour of action."

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Willard/iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- So the government shut down at 12:01 a.m. EST on Saturday after lawmakers unsuccessfully brokered a plan to continue government funding into next week.

But how will various branches and agencies of the federal government respond? Below, a primer of what to expect:

Some history

There have been 12 shutdowns since 1981, ranging in duration from a single day to 21 days, according to the Congressional Research Service. The last shutdown happened in 2013 and lasted 16 days.

Nearly 800,000 federal employees were out of work without pay. In addition, more than a million other working employees had their paychecks delayed. On day five of the shutdown, Congress voted to give the furloughed government employees retroactive pay.

Meanwhile, some members of Congress kept collecting their paychecks, while others voluntarily gave up their checks. According to estimates by the financial services company Standards & Poor’s, the last government shutdown cost America $24 billion, or $1.5 billion a day.

Congress still gets paid

It's the ultimate paradox. Salaries for members of the House and Senate are written into permanent law. That's why politicians get paid even in the event that congress can't agree on a bill to fund the government.

“Due to their constitutional responsibilities and a permanent appropriation for congressional pay, Members of Congress are not subject to furlough. Additionally, Article I, Section 6, of the Constitution states that Members of Congress ‘shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States,’ and the 27th Amendment states, ‘No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.’”

What happens to the military?

Deputy Secretary of Defense Patrick Shanahan issued guidance to top Department of Defense heads, including service secretaries, under secretaries of defense, and commanders of combatant commands, on Friday that outlines how the department functions in the absence of government funds.

The department lists "excepted" activities that it considers essential services during a government shutdown. At the top of that list is national security.

U.S. military options around the world continue unaffected, including the war in Afghanistan and ongoing operations in Iraq and Syria. All active duty (and reserve components on federal active duty) continue to work during a shutdown. Civilian personnel with the Department of the Defense who are deemed essential to "excepted" activities will also continue to work. However, both groups would not be paid until after the shutdown ends.

Non-essential Department of Defense civilian employees will be furloughed. During the 2013 shutdown, 400,000 of the department's 800,000 civilian workers were furloughed without pay, though they were later repaid after the shutdown.

Government contracts that were fully funded prior to the shutdown will continue, but new contracts (including renewals or extensions) will be halted.

Additionally, families will not receive the $100,000 death benefit provided for fallen service members. That money can cover funeral costs and family travel. It also helps to bridge the sudden halt of once-regular paychecks that the deceased was receiving -- paychecks that end immediately after the individual is killed.

During the 2013 shutdown, Congress worked to mitigate the shutdown's effects on the Department of Defense by passing a bill allowing for the death benefits to continue. Another bill allowed service members and "essential" Department of Defense civilian personnel to be exempt from the pay freeze.

What happens at the Department of Justice?

Out of 114,647 employees, 95,102 are excepted from furlough, representing 83 percent of DOJ employees. Most of these exempt employees, 72,242, are necessary to protect life and property.

Criminal litigation will continue without interruption, but civil litigation will be curtailed or postponed as long as safety of human life or protection of property are not impacted. Administrative services will curtailed and maintained only to the extent needed to support operations. Training will largely be cancelled.

What happens to the special counsel's Russia investigation?

The Special Counsel’s work will continue, as it is funded through a permanent indefinite appropriation. The Special Counsel’s Office is funded with a permanent indefinite appropriation and all direct employees are excepted positions because their funding is not dependent upon an appropriations that require renewal.

The U.S. District Court in Washington, DC, would have roughly three weeks of budgetary pad, meaning they can keep the lights on and doors open.

What happens at the State Department? Passport services?

The State Department provided guidance to its employees on Friday in advance of a potential shutdown.

Starting Monday, the agency would furlough non-essential personnel and require them not to work or even use their government-issued laptops or cell phones – although they could come in for four hours to finish any required work and prepare for when the shutdown ends.

Because some U.S. missions overseas are open Sunday to Thursday, those missions would move into restricted operations starting Sunday.

State Department spokesperson Heather Nauert said Thursday that the agency will do its best to “minimize the impact on the American people,” including passport and visa services. According to the agency’s internal guidance, “Consular operations domestically and abroad will remain 100% operational as long as there are sufficient fees to support operations” and except if housed in a different government building that is forced to close.

It’s the secretary’s office that reviews the available options and will make a decision, but they have no numbers yet on possible furloughs or anything.

 “We’re not going to get all excited about what may or may not happen. We will have contingency plans that we put in place and we will adhere to those,” she said. But one area that won’t be touched: “We will not pull back on areas of national security or staff security.”

Tillerson is scheduled to travel to Europe next week, and the agency is still working to determine whether or not he would go, with one State Department official saying they were still awaiting guidance from Office of Management and Budget. Nauert said Thursday that Tillerson will follow all the necessary regulations very carefully, but won’t make any decisions until necessary.

The Under Secretary of State for Management normally handles the contingency plans for a shutdown, but because that role is still vacant under the Trump administration, William Todd, the acting Director of Human Resources, sent out the agency’s guidance instead.

Tillerson himself was asked about a shutdown during a photo-op with the Jordanian Foreign Minister and said the agency is ready, but hoping there isn’t a shutdown.

“We’re ready if that’s what happens. We hope not. We hope not, but we’re ready.”

What happens to the Supreme Court?

In the event of a lapse of appropriations, the Supreme Court will continue to conduct its normal operations, and the Court building will be open to the public during its usual hours. The Court will rely on non-appropriated funds, as it has in the past, to maintain operations through the duration of short-term lapses of appropriations.

What happens at other agencies?

Staffing at most agencies will be cut to just a fraction of normal levels across federal government agencies.

Consumer Product Safety Commission: The number of employees goes from 550 to 22. Investigations generally come to a halt. It continues to implement the most critical of recalls.

National Transportation Safety Board: Employees go from 405 to 22. Most investigations cannot be launched or continued during shutdown. However, if a major transportation accident occurs, it will be investigated.

Department of Education: Employees go from 4,000 to 250, more than 150 of those are from the student financial aid office... so already-awarded grants and loans can continue as normal.

Department of Homeland Security: Staffing would go down from 232,860 to 201,700. There will still be normal security at airports, train stations, etc...

FEMA will retain more than 12,000 of its 15,000 employees. But in October of 2013, the agency's administrative support reportedly suffered (IT, HR, etc...)

US Postal Service: You'll still get your mail.

Department of Transportation: Air Traffic Controllers keep directing flights. FAA, FRA, FTA and other agency investigations generally come to a halt unless they pose an imminent threat.

Social Security: Will continue to issue checks.

EPA: Employees were told to go to work next week in the event of a shutdown. Administrator Scott Pruitt said in an email that the EPA has "sufficient resources" to stay open for a limited amount of time.

USDA: Meat, egg, and dairy inspections continue. Food stamps are still available but could run out of money. Food inspections of processed and imported food conducted by the FDA would be suspended.

Customer service at many of these agencies, including Medicare and Medicaid could be impacted due to furloughed employees.

What happens at Department of Health and Human Services?

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention would have a tough time supporting its annual seasonal influenza program, among other programs. Reduced staffing and worker furloughs might be needed.

Neither CDC nor the Office of Management and Budget would elaborate when asked by ABC News.

What happens to NASA?

NASA says critical work continues - which would need to be identified. The space station is at the top of the list since there are people living in orbit.

Mission Control would continue to operate 24/7 with a critical needs staff.

However, there would be no more astronaut’s tweets, because they can’t actually tweet on their own – someone on the ground needs to push it out for them. They would assess various missions and see how far along they are in development - first up is the GOLD launch - which measures what happens when space weather from above meets terrestrial weather from below - but its launching from French Guiana so that helps. NASA space station management will be talking about two spacewalks coming up at the end of the month - to do critical work to maintain the space station Canadian robotic arm. The spacewalks would proceed but NASA won’t be televising them so if you don’t get a direct NASA wired feed you won’t know anything (we get those feeds here at out office at Johnson Space Center).

What happens to National Parks?

In a break from previous shutdowns, the administration has said that national parks will be accessible if the government shuts down this weekend, perhaps in an attempt to avoid the striking images of veterans being turned away from war memorials that we saw during previous shutdowns. Roads, trails, and memorials will be open but parks will not collect entrance fees and will not be staffed for basic work like picking up trash, staffing visitors centers, or issuing permits. Campgrounds will be closed.

According to the National Park Service contingency plan only 3,300 employees are deemed essential out of almost 25,000, 650 of which are Park Police. If the Park thinks areas of the park are not safe without guides the area can be closed but they cannot bring on additional staff to enforce the closure. Individual parks will have their own plans to determine what areas will be open.

What happens to the Smithsonian museums and the National Zoo?

In the event of a federal government shutdown Friday night, the Smithsonian museums and its National Zoo will remain open for the weekend. The museums and the National Zoo will be closed beginning Monday, Jan. 22. The Smithsonian also has two museums in New York City that will be closed – the Cooper Hewitt Design Museum and Heye Center, a branch of the National Museum of the American Indian.

The National Zoo live-animal cameras, including the panda cam, will not be broadcasting. All the animals will continue to be fed and cared for at the National Zoo. A shutdown will not affect the Zoo’s commitment to the safety of staff and the standard excellence in animal care.

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Subscribe To This Feed -- As a candidate, Donald Trump would often pitch himself to voters by citing his experience managing a vast business empire — saying he hires only “the best people.”

But nearly a year into his presidency, and as a potential government shutdown looms, hundreds of key posts in his administration remain vacant — raising questions about whether essential government operations have taken a hit due to the scaling back of what Trump has called a “bloated federal bureaucracy.”

Trump often blames Democrats for stalling the confirmation process, slamming them as “obstructionists.”

“Dems are taking forever to approve my people, including Ambassadors,” the president tweeted in July. “They are nothing but OBSTRUCTIONISTS! Want approvals.”

As of January 13, President Trump had announced a total of 559 nominations, with 301 of those nominees confirmed, according to the non-partisan Partnership for Public Service. For comparison, one year into their administrations, President Obama had announced 690 nominees with 452 confirmed and George W. Bush had named 741 with 493 confirmed.

The figures do not include judicial nominations.

“What is shocking is that there are more critical positions for which there is literally no nominee — than for which there is a confirmed person in place,” said Max Stier, president and CEO of Partnership for Public Service. “It’s like showing up on the field in the second quarter and they are missing half their offensive line. It’s a real problem.”

The Partnership for Public Service has identified 633 key government jobs needing Senate confirmation — and says of those — less than 40 percent still had no nominee.

However, a person familiar with the process says the administration has identified 353 people that the president has already approved, but not yet nominated, because they are still going through the clearance process.

“There’s a process and the process is working,” the source said, noting that everyone who needs to be nominated is in the pipeline.

While it’s true that this administration has lagged behind others, the source says the problem originated from disorganization in Trump’s presidential transition team, given that one of its key tasks is to begin the vetting process for potential nominees. The White House was forced to play a game of catch up, the source says, as the transition was about 250 jobs behind when Trump took office.

Senate delays in the confirmation process have also played a role.

On average, it has taken 72 days for the Senate to confirm a Trump administration nominee, compared to 54 days under Obama and 36 days under George W. Bush, according to the Partnership for Public Service. The Senate also sent back nearly 100 Trump nominees at year's end that the president has mostly renominated.

The White House has not made nominations to fill some key positions. For example, there is no U.S. Ambassador to South Korea at a time where there is a critical need for diplomacy in the region. There is also no IRS commissioner, which raises questions as to the successful implementation of tax reform.

In addition, many agencies remain without deputy secretaries in place.

Not having these key positions in place — especially on the eve of a government shutdown — could further impact necessary government functions, Stier said.

"In the event that Congress does not pass a CR or budget today, the administration will have to make multiple judgment calls on what government activities are essential and should continue, even without specifically appropriated resources. Not having political appointments in place could further handicap our government’s essential functions.”

At the State Department, for example, more than half of Senate-confirmed positions remain unfilled, triggering accusations Secretary of State Rex Tillerson is depleting the agency’s senior ranks.

Trump has said previously he doesn’t intend to fill many government posts — including at the State Department — because some are “totally unnecessary.”

“I’m generally not going to make a lot of the appointments that would normally be -- because you don’t need them. I mean, you look at some of these agencies, how massive they are, and it’s totally unnecessary,” Trump said in an interview with Forbes in October. “They have hundreds of thousands of people. And you look at -- so the appointments, I’ve made some great appointments.”

Stier agrees there are too many political appointees and too many positions that require Senate confirmation. But he argues that to change the current system the White House would need to make changes through legislation instead of “not using the system we have today effectively.”

When asked about the president’s comments, White House Press Secretary Sarah Sanders conceded the president doesn’t intend to fill all vacancies because he “came to Washington to drain the swamp.”

“There are still some positions that he is working to fill and a lot of individuals that are in the queue and going through the process – the vetting process that is very lengthy. Certainly want to fill some of the open positions but not all of them,” Sanders said. “The president came to Washington to drain the swamp and get rid of a lot of duplication and make government more efficient. And so if we can have one person do a job instead of six, then we certainly want to do that and save taxpayer dollars.”

This story is part of a week-long series examining the first year of the Trump administration.

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