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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) --  Joaquin "El Chapo" Guzman, the Mexican drug lord who was recaptured last year after six months on the run, arrived in the U.S. Thursday night just hours after the Mexican attorney general's office confirmed he was being extradited to the United States, the Department of Justice announced.

Guzman arrived around 9:30 p.m. at Long Island MacArthur Airport in Islip, N.Y., located about 50 miles east of Manhattan, where he was met by dozens of law enforcement personnel.

He is expected to be driven to the Metropolitan Correctional Center in Lower Manhattan and is expected to make his first court appearance Friday in Brooklyn.

The drug kingpin is being charged in six separate indictments throughout the U.S., the Department of Justice said. The department also gave credit to the Mexican government for its "extensive cooperation and assistance" in securing Guzman's extradition.

In a radio interview Thursday, former DEA Administrator Jack Riley, who helped bring a case against Guzman, called today the best of his life.

"He's going to face justice. He's not going to get his own prison," Riley said. "He's not going to dig a tunnel out. He's not going to bribe the officials."

In June, Guzman's pending extradition was suspended until a judge could make a decision on the appeal filed by his team. His extradition had been approved the month before under the condition that U.S. authorities would not seek the death penalty.

American officials in Texas were looking to charge Guzman with a slew of offenses, including murder, money laundering and conspiracy.

 Guzman escaped the Altiplano prison near Mexico City on July 11, 2015 launching a manhunt. When guards realized he had been missing from his cell, they found a ventilated tunnel, which Guzman was able to access through an exit near the bathtub in his cell.

The tunnel extended for about a mile underground and featured an adapted motorcycle on rails. Officials believe the motorcycle was used to transport the tools used to construct the tunnel.

Guzman, who was caught in January 2016, was sent to Altiplano after he was arrested in February 2014. He had spent the previous 10 years on the run after escaping from a different prison in 2001. It is unclear how he escaped in that instance, but he did receive help from prison guards, who were prosecuted and convicted.

The U.S. treasury once described the Sinaloa cartel leader as "the most powerful drug trafficker in the world." He has also been ranked as one of the richest men in the world by Forbes, with drug enforcement experts estimating the cartel's revenues as more than $3 billion annually.

The Sinaloa cartel allegedly uses elaborate tunnels for drug trafficking and is estimated to be responsible for 25 percent of all illegal drugs that enter the U.S. through Mexico.

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U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. Bennie J. Davis III(WASHINGTON) — U.S. officials confirm that two U.S. Air Force stealth B-2 bombers struck multiple ISIS camps in Libya 28 miles south of the city of Sirte Wednesday night. One official called the airstrikes "a huge success," with more than 80 ISIS fighters killed.

One official told ABC News the airstrikes targeted between 80 and 100 ISIS fighters in multiple camps south of the coastal city of Sirte that had once been an ISIS stronghold in Libya.

Many of the ISIS fighters in the camps had fled Sirte during the successful siege of the city last fall, according to another official.

The airstrikes were authorized by President Obama and were carried out in coordination with Libya's Government of National Accord, the official added. They are considered to be an extension of Operation Odyssey Lightning, the American airstrike campaign that carried out almost 500 airstrikes against ISIS in Libya last fall.

An assessment of the airstrikes is ongoing, but one counterterrorism official told ABC News the strikes were "a huge success" with "zero survivors" among the more than 80 ISIS fighters at the camps.

The ISIS operation in Libya has been a major concern for U.S. officials who have worried it could become another ISIS safe haven as the group faces growing military pressure in Iraq and Syria. U.S. officials have said the number of ISIS fighters inside Libya likely totals 1,000.

The airstrikes mark the first time B-2 stealth bombers have been used in combat since March 2011, when they were used in the first wave of strikes in Libya during the Gadhafi crisis.

In early December, ISIS was defeated in Sirte by local Libyan militia fighters who had surrounded the city over the summer.

From last August through last December, American manned and unmanned military aircraft conducted 495 airstrikes against the 1,000 ISIS fighters believed to be in the city. The Libyan militias, supporting Libya's Government of National Accord, were accompanied by American military advisers who coordinated the targeting of those airstrikes.

During the siege, U.S. officials estimated that hundreds of ISIS fighters had fled the Sirte to establish themselves elsewhere in Libya.

In order to carry out the mission, the B-2 bombers flew a long-round trip mission from Whiteman Air Force Base in Missouri.

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ABC News(NEW YORK) -- Kevin O'Leary, the former reality TV star who rose to fame on ABC's Shark Tank, explained on Good Morning America Thursday why he has decided to run for leader of the Conservative Party of Canada.

"You know, I'm not a politician," O'Leary said. "I don't owe anybody any favors. I've never been involved in politics and if you're watching what's happening all around the world, it's not politics as usual anymore. People want different kind of leadership. They want someone whose actually got a track record in managing something, not just the same old politicians."

He continued: "I'm facing off against good men and women, but they're all politicians. And all of a sudden, we've got millions of Canadians who got to know me, obviously through television and that's what's interesting is you're starting to see a lot of politicians emerge using the platform of television because really after eight years, people know me quite well on Shark Tank, all around the world frankly, and in Canada as well, but they want something different. I'm that change agent."

O'Leary announced in a Facebook Live video Wednesday that he would run and now many are comparing the businessman-turned-politician to U.S. President-elect Donald Trump. Both candidates have a background in business and both have also dabbled in reality TV. In addition, O'Leary is an active Twitter user. The social media platform remains one of Trump's preferred communication methods.

"Why am I doing this? Well, I look at this country and its bounty and its incredible promise, and all it gave to me as a young Canadian. Remember, I was born from Lebanese and Irish parents, this was the land of opportunity for them, they left their homeland, and they came here to start anew," he said in the footage. "And that's the promise of Canada, and it always has been, and somehow we've lost that, it's been squandered."

O'Leary also tweeted that the "Conservative Party of Canada needs a candidate who can beat Justin Trudeau and bring back jobs to this country."

Thursday morning, O'Leary said that Canada's relationship with the U.S. is "about to change" due to Trump's talked-about policies, which has many Canadians "concerned."

"It's going to be an interesting journey, there's not question about it, but I think Canada is a really great partner of the United States and we've got to get back in sync with it," he explained. "But Donald has made it very clear it's not going to be business as usual and here it comes. And so, we're going to see some very interesting times as we will in America. There's no question about it."

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Hemera/Thinkstock(FARINDOLA, Italy) — It's a race against time in Italy to reach more than 20 people believed to be trapped under rubble and snow after an avalanche buried a mountainside hotel.

The avalanche at Hotel Rigopiano on the Gran Sasso mountain, about 30 miles from the coastal city of Pescara, occurred after a series of earthquakes that shook central Italy on Wednesday.

The snow pushed through the windows of the 4-star hotel, shattering glass, blocking rooms and stopping rescuers from getting inside.

Alpine rescue teams, initially blocked by fallen trees and heavy snow, finally reached the hotel by helicopter and by foot.

At least two survivors were saved but more than 20 people are still believed to be trapped.


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The Guardian via Getty Images(WASHINGTON) -- President Obama's commutation of Chelsea Manning’s prison sentence Tuesday indirectly called attention to the legal status of former National Security Agency contractor Edward Snowden, who leaked a collection of classified information in 2013. Since then, Snowden has been living in Russia where he was granted political asylum while wanted by the U.S. Department of Justice on charges of violating the Espionage Act.

Manning, who is currently imprisoned at the U.S. Disciplinary Barracks at Fort Leavenworth in Kansas, has been incarcerated since her arrest in 2010 for turning over military and diplomatic information to Wikileaks. At the time, Manning, who was assigned male at birth, was known as Bradley. Obama's decision Tuesday will end her sentence on May 17.

While the crimes committed by Manning and alleged violations of law by Snowden appear to be similar, government officials, including Obama, have previously signaled that the cases are being considered separately and on their own merits, and that clemency for Manning would not necessarily signal leniency for Snowden.

At a press briefing on last Friday, White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest addressed a comparison between Manning and Snowden in response to a question from a reporter, saying there is a “stark difference” between the two.

“Chelsea Manning is somebody who went through the military criminal justice process, was exposed to due process, was found guilty, was sentenced for her crimes, and she acknowledged wrongdoing,” said Earnest.

The sentiment was echoed by Obama Wednesday at his final press conference as president.

“It has been my view that given she went to trial, that due process was carried out, that she took responsibility for her crime, that the sentence that she received was very disproportionate relative to what other leakers had received and that she had served a significant amount of time, that it made sense to commute, and not pardon, her sentence,” said Obama. “I feel very comfortable that justice has been served.”

On Snowden, Earnest noted that “Mr. Snowden fled into the arms of an adversary, and has sought refuge in a country that most recently made a concerted effort to undermine confidence in our democracy.”

Snowden’s movements in the aftermath of his leaks in 2013 appear to be the primary sticking point in a possible appeal for clemency. After taking what officials believe to be between 200,000 and 1.7 million NSA documents and releasing a portion to journalists, Snowden flew to Hong Kong. From there he travelled to Russia, reportedly intending to continue on to Central or South America, having been offered asylum by Ecuador, Nicaragua, Bolivia and Venezuela, but remained in Russia after receiving temporary asylum there.

At that point, then-White House Press Secretary Jay Carney said, “We very clearly believe that Mr. Snowden ought to be returned to the United States to face the charges that have been set against him, through an open and clear legal process that we have in this country.”

Conversely, after former hacker Adrian Lamo turned over transcripts of internet conversations with Manning to defense officials, she was arrested, pleaded guilty to 10 of the 22 charges levied against her and was convicted by trial on additional charges.

With military prison sentences longer than 30 years eligible for parole after 10 and Manning having been credited for an additional 1,294 days, she would have been eligible for a review after seven years even had Obama not taken action.

In a November interview with German newspaper Der Spiegel, Obama indicated that the justice process played a role in his consideration of pardons and commutations, saying, in regard to Snowden, that he “can't pardon somebody who hasn't gone before a court and presented themselves.”

“At the point at which Mr. Snowden wants to present himself before the legal authorities and make his arguments or have his lawyers make his arguments, then I think those issues come into play,” said Obama.

At Tuesday’s White House briefing, Earnest rendered the point moot, explaining, “Mr. Snowden has not filed paperwork to seek clemency from the administration.” Manning's attorneys submitted a petition to the secretary of the army and the president's pardon attorney in November.

Snowden took to Twitter Tuesday afternoon after the White House announced Manning’s commutation, writing to Manning, “In five more months, you will be free. Thank you for what you did for everyone, Chelsea. Stay strong a while longer!” He added in an additional tweet, “Let it be said here in earnest, with good heart: Thanks, Obama.”

Snowden did not comment on his own status.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) --One policeman and one villager was killed Wednesday in clashes in the Arab Bedouin village of Umm al-Hiran in Israel before a planned demolition operation.

The clashes broke out between Israeli police and the Arab villagers as Israeli authorities prepared to demolish several structures that the government says are illegal constructions.

The villagers of Umm al-Hiran are Israeli citizens and members of a Bedouin tribe who have lived on the same plot of land since the late 50s. In 1957, the Israeli military forcefully removed the tribe from their original land in Khirbet Zubale.

But 60 years later, after more than a decade of court cases, the state wants that land back to build a Jewish town. Last year, Israel's high court ruled in favor of the government's plans.

Aerial footage released by the Israeli authorities shows police approaching a white SUV. At the four-second mark, a police officer approaches the car and shoots. He pops off at least three shots as the car remains still. It's unclear exactly what his shots hit. Then the car accelerates down a steep hill and veers into a crowd of policemen before careening into another vehicle and coming to a stop.

Israeli police called the incident a deliberate "car-ramming" attack by a Bedouin with Israeli citizenship, identified as 50-year-old school teacher Yaakub Abu al-Qiyan. The police officer killed was identified as 37-year-old Erez Levy. Al-Qiyan died of gunshot wounds.

Locals who were at the scene said that the driver lost control of his vehicle only after he was shot by police. He had his whole life packed into the SUV and he was trying to leave the village, locals said.

The Israeli police have already called al-Qiyan a "terrorist," and said they are investigating his possible affiliation with ISIS, but no supporting evidence was immediately made public.

 "This is the second ramming attack within the space of a few days. We are fighting this murderous phenomenon which has hit both in Israel and in other parts of the world," Prime Minister Netanyahu said, referring to recent vehicular attacks in Israel and Europe.

Several other people were injured in the clashes that followed, including Knesset Member Ayman Odeh. Odeh and other Arab leaders had been at the village all night awaiting the forced Israeli evacuation.

"The policemen attacked me, brutally beating me," said Odeh. "We did not try to stir things up - it is plain and simple. We wanted to negotiate. What happened is a disgrace."

Amnesty International has called for an investigation into possible police brutality in the day's violence.

"The Israeli judiciary and the government are responsible for the killing in the village today," the Arab advocacy group Adalah said in a statement. "The Israeli Supreme Court's decision to allow the state to proceed with its plan to demolish the village, which has existed for 60 years, in order to establish a Jewish town called 'Hiran' over its ruins, is one of the most racist judgments that the Court has ever issued."

The Negev desert accounts for over half of Israel's land mass, but only about 10 percent of Israeli citizens live there, including more than 100,000 Bedouins. Umm al-Hiran is one of dozens of so-called "unrecognized" villages, and according to Amnesty International, they live without electricity, water, and other basic services the state refuses to provide.

"The Bedouin public is a part of us," Netanyahu said on Wednesday, "We want to integrate it into Israeli society and not to polarize it and cause it to distance itself from the focus of our existence here."

Some five of the village's 70 structures were demolished Wednesday, according to journalists on the ground.

By the time the dust cleared and the sun set Wednesday, several of the village's former inhabitants were left picking through the remains of their homes.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) --  The death toll continues to rise from Tuesday's airstrike on a refugee camp in northeast Nigeria, which the country has called a "regrettable operational mistake."

The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement said at least six of its volunteers were among those killed and 13 others were wounded, though the global humanitarian network said both figures may rise in the coming hours and days. In addition to its aid staff, the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement said an estimated 70 others were killed and over 100 were injured.

The Red Cross volunteers were in the remote town of Rann in Nigeria's Borno state, near the border with Cameroon, as part of a humanitarian operation bringing food to more than 25,000 displaced people when the airstrike hit.

"We are deeply saddened by the loss of our six colleagues and shocked that an incident of this magnitude has occurred in a civilian area," Bolaji Akpan Anani, president of the Nigerian Red Cross Society, said in a statement today.

The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement said its team in Rann has triaged around 100 patients, while nine in critical condition were evacuated by helicopter to Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state, Tuesday. About 90 patients remain in Rann, out of whom 46 are severely wounded and also need to be evacuated, the humanitarian network said.

"The conditions for post-operative care are not adequate, so all the patients must be evacuated to Maiduguri as soon as possible," Dr. Laurent Singa, a surgeon with the International Committee of the Red Cross in Rann, said in a statement.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Temperatures on Earth were the warmest in 2016 since modern record-keeping began in 1880, according to independent analyses by NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, boosting the argument shared by many climate scientists that our planet is changing in significant ways.

The year 2016 was the third consecutive year to set a new record for global average surface temperatures, and far exceeded the temperature mark set in 2015, scientists said Wednesday.

Gavin Schmidt, director of NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS), said in a statement that the consistent pattern of record-breaking temperatures is indicative of a "warming trend" taking place on Earth.

“2016 is remarkably the third record year in a row in this series,” Schmidt said. “We don't expect record years every year, but the ongoing long-term warming trend is clear.”

News of the record came as little surprise to those who followed news about last year's record-breaking global temperatures.

NOAA announced at several points in 2016 that individual months broke global temperature records.

News of record temperatures cropped up even at the very end of the year, when a major storm near Iceland produced 45-foot waves and pushed mild air into the Arctic region, causing temperatures to reach 32 degrees, according to ABC News meteorologists.

The heat wave experienced in the Arctic, which reached the region just before Christmas, was 50 degrees above normal.

Climate Central, a nonprofit news organization that analyzes and reports on climate science, said at the time that the warming was part of an "unsettling trend" for the Arctic region, one they suggested was "being rapidly reshaped by climate change."

In December, ABC News also wrote about the Arctic Resilience Report, a study that suggested that the northernmost polar region characterized by cold winters and vast sheets of white ice is "undergoing rapid, sometimes turbulent change beyond anything previously experienced."

President-elect Donald Trump has cast doubt on the notion of climate change in the past, and his team has indicated that he could consider eliminating research on the subject by NASA in an effort to crack down on “politicized science.”

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has expressed confidence that Trump would change his approach to climate change after entering office.

"Mr. Trump will really hear and understand the seriousness and urgency of addressing climate change," he said.

In a meeting with The New York Times last year, Trump appeared to soften his tone on the subject by acknowledging "connectivity" between human activity and climate change.

"I think there is some connectivity," he said in the meeting.

Oklahoma Attorney General Scott Pruitt, President-elect Trump's choice to head the Environmental Protection Agency, testified before the Senate Wednesday, and told lawmakers that climate change is not a hoax. He also acknowledged that human activity is a contributing factor to the phenomenon.

"Science tells us that the climate is changing and that human activity in some manner impacts that change," Pruitt told the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee. "The ability to measure with precision the degree and extent of that impact and what to do about it are subject to continuing debate and dialogue, and well it should be."

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iStock/Thinkstock(ROME) -- A 5.3-magnitude earthquake struck central Italy on Wednesday morning, a representative from the Civil Protection Department confirmed on Italy's RAI TV.

According to the country's National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology, the epicenter of the quake was between L'Aquila and Rieti, the same area struck by a strong quake in August last year.

The European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre Tremors reported that the quake was recorded 69 miles northeast of Rome and was about 6 miles deep. Tremors were felt in the capital.

The quake is likely to add to the disruption caused by a recent spell of severe weather. The area has been hit with heavy snowfall.


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Official White House Photo by Pete Souza(CAIRO, Egypt) — Mohsen Kamal still remembers how hopeful he was hearing President Barack Obama’s address to the Muslim world eight years ago. But as Obama leaves office, some of those who heard those words said his legacy in the Middle East hasn’t lived up to his promises.

“We felt this was a historical moment that could happen once in a lifetime,” said Kamal, who along with other Egyptians studying in the U.S. in 2009 received an invitation from the State Department to attend the speech in Cairo and meet with Obama’s team, including then-Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. “We were so excited, we brought Clinton flowers,” he said.

Kamal was enthusiastic about Obama, following his speeches, trips and decisions. He saw his election as the first African-American president as a victory for the underrepresented around the world.

For Kamal, Obama came to Cairo seeking “a new beginning between the United States and Muslims around the world, one based on mutual interest and mutual respect.”

He returned to Cairo a year after Obama’s speech. Then came Egypt’s 2011 uprising against Hosni Mubarak, which he saw as the real test of Obama’s promises. Protestors took to the streets, calling for Mubarak’s ouster. But Kamal was dismayed that Obama did not fully side with the protesters until Mubarak had stepped down.

“The Egyptian revolution destroyed [Obama’s] ideal image,” Kamal said, saying the Obama administration hesitated before siding with the people. “If you have principles you should not compromise.”

According to most recent polls by the Pew Research Center, Egyptians’ confidence in Obama slipped from 42 percent in 2009 to 29 percent in 2012.

Nadine Medhat, a student at Cairo University at the time who attended the speech, says Obama’s two terms were marked by “indecisiveness” and an inability to make swift decisions as crucial events unfolded in the region following the Arab Spring. She found this contradictory to the revolutionary tone of his speech.

After the ouster of Islamist President Mohamed Morsi in June 2013, Secretary of State John Kerry referred to his removal from power by the army as a restoration of democracy. The next year, Kerry expressed his support for the general-turned-president Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi shortly after taking office.

“I didn’t see that as support for democracy,” Medhat said.

Obama has voiced regrets about some of his actions in the Middle East. In an interview with Fox News last year he described the lack of planning in the aftermath of the ouster of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi as "the biggest mistake" of his presidency. In the same year, he told CNN how the war in Syria "haunts him", wondering what he could have done differently to end the killings and displacement in the war-torn country. He told CBS this month, though, that he did not regret drawing a "red line" over chemical weapons usage in Syria.

Obama said this month he stood by his remarks in Cairo. "I always describe that speech as aspirational and if you read the speech today there's nothing in there that I would disown," he told an Israeli interviewer.

Now, Medhat, the student at Cairo University, worries about what is yet to come under President-elect Donald Trump, whom Egyptian President El-Sisi was first to congratulate on winning the U.S. election.

“People here are not seeing it very positive,” she said. “Many fear that things will get out of hand and they worry about how he will deal with issues of democracy and authoritarianism in the region.”

Obama’s visit in 2009 was co-hosted by Al-Azhar, the highest institute of Sunni Islamic learning.

One of the members Al-Azhar attending the speech was Mahmoud Ashour, a former deputy at the institute.

“We were very happy and optimistic about his speech,” said Ashour. “He offered solutions for many problems facing the Arab world, he spoke wonderfully about the plight of Palestinians, but after the speech he did nothing,” said Ashour.

Despite Trump’s controversial anti-Muslim statements during last year’s presidential race, Ashour says he can’t judge him yet.

“Not everything said in presidential elections is what it seems to be,” he added.

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Alex Wong/Getty Images(WASHINGTON) -- White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest suggested that Vladimir Putin, who said the Obama Administration is seeking to "delegitimize" the president-elect, may be taking its cues from the Trump team.

Putin suggested the outgoing Obama administration was trying to undermine Trump by spreading “fake” rumors despite Trump’s “convincing” victory.

"First of all it seems like he got his copy of the talking points," Earnest told ABC News' Chief White House Correspondent Jonathan Karl.

"From who?" Karl asked.

"Well I don't know," Earnest said. "It certainly sounds a lot like what the incoming administration's team is saying."

The response from Trump and his team to a leaked dossier with unsubstantiated allegations that Russia holds compromising info on the president-elect has been swift, dismissing the claims as "fake news" and "nonsense."

Trump, who has been at odds with the intelligence community, even suggested that intelligence agencies "allowed" the dossier to be leaked, despite the Director of National Intelligence saying that it had been circulated for months before the intelligence community became aware of it.

Clapper also said "this document is not a U.S. Intelligence Community product and that I do not believe the leaks came from within the IC," according to the statement.

The spat became a war of words between Trump and outgoing CIA Director John Brennan, who Trump suggested Sunday evening could be the "leaker" behind the document.

Earnest said Trump's "deeply misguided" comments lined up almost directly with Putin's accusations.

"Particularly to call into question the integrity of somebody like John Brennan, somebody who has served at the CIA for three decades, somebody who has served the country in dangerous locations around the world to try to keep us safe. I'm offended by it," Earnest said.

Trump's transition team did not immediately respond to ABC News' request for comment.

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iStock/Thinkstock(RANN, Nigeria) -- At least 52 people were killed and about 120 injured after the Nigerian Air Force bombed a camp for displaced people in Rann, Nigeria, according to a humanitarian aid group.

In a statement, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari said the Nigerian Army, which is on a mission fighting Boko Haram militants, accidentally bombed the refugee camp, and called it a "regrettable operational mistake."

Dr. Jean-Clément Cabrol, director of operations with Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières, said the "large-scale attack" was "shocking and unacceptable."

"The safety of civilians must be respected," Cabrol said. "We are urgently calling on all parties to ensure the facilitation of medical evacuations by air or road for survivors who are in need of emergency care.”

The aid group said many of the victims had already fled attacks by Boko Haram.

According to BBC, the incident is believed to be the first time Nigeria's military has admitted to making a mistake.

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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- After nearly three years and $160 million dedicated to scouring the bottom of the Indian Ocean, authorities suspended the search Tuesday for Malaysia Airlines Flight 370.

The Boeing 777, with 239 people on board, disappeared after inexplicably veering off course on March 8, 2014, in turn creating the world's greatest aviation mystery.

A major international effort led by the Australian Transportation Safety Bureau examined more the 45,000 square miles of ocean floor at a painstaking pace.

Only small pieces of debris have been found west of the search area, none of which definitively point to answers in the mystery.

As the search for the jet comes to an end, at least for now, it remains one of many unsolved aviation mysteries that have captivated people all over the world. Here are a few notable events in aviation history that have perplexed both aviation experts and the public.

Amelia Earhart


Various theories swirl around Earhart's mysterious disappearance over the Pacific Ocean. In her effort to become the first female pilot to circumnavigate the globe, Earhart was low on fuel and struggled to find the landing strip on the tiny Howland Island, southwest of Hawaii.

Radio transmissions with a U.S. Coast Guard cutter assigned to assist her approach to Howland Island were unsuccessful. Strong signals from Earhart suggest she was in the immediate area, but on a cloudy day, visibility was limited. Her plane was never found.

Eastern Airlines Flight 980

The Boeing 727 crashed on approach to La Paz, Bolivia, on New Year's Day 1985. The airport's runway is perched at an altitude of 13,000 feet, still the highest international airport in the world.

On a cloudy night, with storms in the area, Bolivian air traffic controller cleared the U.S. airliner to descend to 18,000 feet. Unequipped with radar, the controllers didn't know the aircraft was several miles off course and that such a descent would lead it straight into the side of Mt. Illimani, killing all 29 people on board.

The cause of the accident was never determined, but many nefarious theories have circulated. The wife of the U.S. ambassador to Paraguay was on board, as well as members of a prominent South American family.

At 19,600 ft, the crash site was long considered inaccessible and the international recovery effort came to a halt. It wasn't until May 2016 that two Bostonians, inspired by a Wikipedia search, would ascend the mountain and recover remains of the flight recorder. After months of a diplomatic impasse, the evidence was finally handed over to the U.S. National Transportation Safety Board on Jan. 4, 2017. The agency has not yet released any findings.

"D.B. Cooper"

The real identity of D.B. Cooper, or Dan Cooper, remains a mystery after he hijacked a Northwest Orient Airlines plane bound for Seattle in November 1971.

He forced the Boeing 727 to land and demanded $200,000 and a parachute. After authorities met the unidentified man's demands, he ordered the crew to take off and head to Mexico. After take-off, somewhere between Seattle and Reno, the hijacker jumped out of the back of the plane with a parachute and ransom money. The FBI conducted a 45-year investigation and suspended the case in July 2016 without ever discovering what happened to the unidentified man.

EgyptAir Flight 990

In October 1999, the Boeing 767 from New York bound for Cairo crashed off the coast of Nantucket, an island off the coast of Massachusetts. All 217 people on board were killed.

Egyptian authorities pointed toward mechanical failure, while a final report from the NTSB said the crash was a result of the first officer's actions, but the reason for the actions was never determined. The final words from the flight's cockpit voice recorder are the first officer repeating over and over, "I rely on God."

B-47 Disappearance

In 1956, a Boeing B-47 went missing over the Mediterranean Sea carrying nuclear weapons material.

The three crew members were flying non-stop from MacDill Air Force Base in Florida to Ben Guerir Air Base in Morocco. The flight successfully refueled in air without incident. After descending to make a second refueling effort, the jet lost communication with the tanker. An extensive search turned up no bodies or debris.

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How Foo Yeen/Getty Images(KUALA LUMPUR, Malaysia) — Officials have called off the search for missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 after an intensive $160-million effort that lasted nearly three years and scoured some 120,000 square miles of ocean.

It has been called the most expensive and complex search effort in aviation history.

The MH370 Tripartite, made up of representatives from Australia, Malaysia and China, made the announcement in a statement released Tuesday morning.

"Today the last search vessel has left the underwater search area. Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 has not been located in the 120,000 square-kilometer underwater search area in the southern Indian Ocean," the statement said.

"Despite every effort using the best science available, cutting edge technology, as well as modelling and advice from highly skilled professionals who are the best in their field, unfortunately, the search has not been able to locate the aircraft."

Voice 370, an advocacy group that represents the families and friends of the 239 people on board the missing plane, released a statement saying it was "dismayed" at the news and urging the search operations to continue.

"In our view, extending the search to the new area defined by the experts is an inescapable duty owed to the flying public in the interest of aviation safety. Commercial planes cannot just be allowed to disappear without a trace."

The group urged officials to look at an alternative search area of 25,000 square miles north of the area that searchers just finished canvassing.

Malaysia Airlines said that it "stands guided" by the decision made by the three governments in a statement.

"We share in the sorrow that the search has not produced the outcome that everyone had hoped for," the statement said, adding that the airline "remains hopeful that in the near future, new and significant information will come to light and the aircraft would eventually be located."

 

The search had covered over 46,000 square miles of the southern Indian Ocean, the site where searchers believe the Boeing 777 went down March 8, 2014 en route from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia to Beijing, China.  All 239 passengers and crew are presumed lost.

The cause of the crash remains unknown, with speculation ranging from mechanical failure, to terrorism, to deliberate crashing by the pilot.

“The decision to suspend the underwater search has not been taken lightly nor without sadness,” the statement declares.  “Whilst combined scientific studies have continued to refine areas of probability, to date no new information has been discovered to determine the specific location of the aircraft.”

“We remain hopeful that new information will come to light and that at some point in the future the aircraft will be located,” it concludes.

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Daghan Kozanoglu/Getty Images(ISTANBUL) — The suspect in the New Year's Eve attack on an Istanbul nightclub that killed 39 people confessed after being captured by police on Monday, the governor of Istanbul said at a press conference on Tuesday.

The suspect, an Uzbekistan native born in 1983, was identified as Abdulgadir Masharipov. Masharipov carried out the attack on behalf of the terror group ISIS, said the governor, Vasip Sahin.

Police picked up Masharipov in one of five raids carried out on Monday in and around Istanbul.

The alleged attacker was caught with his son in the Esenyurt suburb of Istanbul, sources said. He was arrested at the home of a friend, who was also detained. Three women were also in the house, which Turkish police believe may have been an ISIS cell, according to sources.

Masharipov had two guns and cash in his possession at the time of arrest, and police say his fingerprints matched those found at the scene of the massacre.

Officials believe Masharipov received training in Afghanistan and that he entered Turkey in January 2016.

Authorities said the gunman fired 180 rounds of 7.62-mm bullets, which are commonly used in AK-47 assault rifles. The attacker also used flares to illuminate the inside of the nightclub during the attack, according to police.

Police said they don't believe the weapon used in the attack came from inside Turkey. The serial number on the weapon had been defaced.

Between 400 and 500 people were in attendance at the Reina nightclub to ring in the new year. ISIS claimed responsibility for the attack, which was in response to Turkey's military operations against the group, ISIS propaganda channels said in a statement.

The gunman allegedly killed a policeman and a civilian outside the Reina nightclub before he began to shoot in a "cruel and merciless way on innocent people," said Vasip Sahin, the governor of Istanbul. Most of the victims were shot at close range or took bullets directly to the head, according to a report from the morgue.

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